What are maternal infections during pregnancy?

What are the maternal infections during pregnancy?

Most common maternal infections (eg, UTIs, skin and respiratory tract infections) are usually not serious problems during pregnancy. Maternal infections that can damage the fetus include cytomegalovirus infection, herpes simplex virus infection, rubella, toxoplasmosis, hepatitis B, and syphilis.

What maternal diseases affect an unborn child?

Maternal illnesses increase the chance that your baby will be born with a birth defect or have a chronic health problem. Diabetes, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis and Strep B are just a few of the illnesses that can cause an adverse outcome to pregnancy.

What does maternal infection mean?

Maternal infection is a common occurrence during pregnancy, with a substantial impact on the infant. Some infections result in impaired development in utero and even death of the fetus. Other infections may be insidious in the mother but result in growth impairment and hearing loss in the infant.

What causes infection during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, increased levels of estrogen and progesterone help create the kind of environment in which yeast can thrive. Other causes of yeast infections include taking antibiotics and having intercourse, both of which can disrupt the natural pH in your vagina.

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How can I clean my private part during pregnancy?

* Wash your intimate area twice a day with lukewarm water, but not more than twice. * To dry your vaginal area, use a soft, clean towel. Ensure the towels are 100% cotton and dry. * Avoid using harsh soaps to clean your vagina.

How can I avoid infection during pregnancy?

10 Simple Steps to Prevent Infections During Pregnancy

  1. Maintain good hygiene. …
  2. Cook your meat until it’s well done. …
  3. Avoid unpasteurized (raw) milk and foods made from it. …
  4. Ask your doctor about Group B streptococcus (GBS). …
  5. Talk to your doctor about vaccinations. …
  6. Get tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).


What are the signs of an abnormal pregnancy?

Top 5 Conditions of Abnormal Pregnancy

  • Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. …
  • Abdominal discomfort, cramping or pain. …
  • Frequent headaches and blurred vision. …
  • Excessive thirst and sweating. …
  • No fetal movement or reduced fetal movement at more than 20 weeks gestation.

How does lack of prenatal care harm a baby?

Babies of mothers who do not get prenatal care are three times more likely to have a low birth weight and five times more likely to die than those born to mothers who do get care. Doctors can spot health problems early when they see mothers regularly. This allows doctors to treat them early.

What are the problems faced during pregnancy?

Common health problems in pregnancy

  • Cramps.
  • Urinary frequency – needing to pass urine often.
  • Urinary stress incontinence – leaking urine.
  • Heartburn and indigestion.
  • Blocked nose.
  • Varicose veins – swollen leg veins.
  • Varicose veins in the genital area.
  • Constipation and haemorrhoids.
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What are the effects of maternal infections?

Infection can be dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause problems for unborn babies, such as hearing loss, visual impairment or blindness, learning difficulties and epilepsy. CMV is particularly dangerous to the baby if the pregnant mother has not had the infection before.

What infections can cause miscarriage?

The following infections may also increase your risk:

  • rubella (german measles)
  • cytomegalovirus.
  • bacterial vaginosis.
  • HIV.
  • chlamydia.
  • gonorrhoea.
  • syphilis.
  • malaria.

How does pregnancy affect you mentally?

Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health problems in pregnancy. These affect about 10 to 15 out of every 100 pregnant women. Just like at other times in life, you can have many different types of mental illness and the severity can vary.

Can bacterial infection affect baby during pregnancy?

Bacterial infections can affect pregnant women from implantation of the fertilized ovum through the time of delivery and peripartum period. They may also affect the fetus and newborn. Many women with these infections are asymptomatic, necessitating both a high degree of clinical awareness and adequate screening.

How do you treat a bacterial infection while pregnant?

Your doctor may prescribe the following antibiotics:

  1. metronidazole, such as Flagyl and Metrogel-Vaginal, which can be taken orally.
  2. tinidazole, such as Tindamax, which is another type of oral medication.
  3. clindamycin, such as Cleocin and Clindesse, which is a topical medication that can be inserted into the vagina.

Can one treat infection during pregnancy?

However, during pregnancy, you should see your doctor before starting treatment. They can confirm that you actually have a yeast infection and ensure you get a treatment that’s safe to use during pregnancy. Both oral and topical antifungal drugs are used to treat yeast infections in nonpregnant women.

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