A molar pregnancy — also known as hydatidiform mole — is a rare complication of pregnancy characterized by the abnormal growth of trophoblasts, the cells that normally develop into the placenta. There are two types of molar pregnancy, complete molar pregnancy and partial molar pregnancy.
Is a molar pregnancy a real baby?
Complete molar pregnancies have only placental parts (there is no baby) and form when the sperm fertilizes an empty egg. Because the egg is empty, no baby is formed. The placenta grows and produces the pregnancy hormone, hCG. Unfortunately, an ultrasound will show that there is no fetus, only a placenta.
Does molar pregnancy have positive pregnancy test?
Women with a molar pregnancy will have a positive pregnancy test and the same early symptoms of a normal pregnancy. In the absence of medical intervention or diagnosis, the pregnancy might seem normal for the first three to four months.
Can a molar pregnancy go full term?
Abstract. Twin pregnancy with a complete mole and a coexistent normal fetus reaching term is a rare occurrence.
Is a complete molar pregnancy a miscarriage?
A molar pregnancy will not be able to survive. It may end on its own, with a miscarriage. If this does not happen, it’s usually treated with a procedure to remove the pregnancy. You’ll usually be given a general anaesthetic before the procedure, so you’ll be asleep.
Do molar pregnancies have a heartbeat?
These include feeling nervous or tired, having a fast or irregular heartbeat, and sweating a lot. An uncomfortable feeling in the pelvis. Vaginal discharge of tissue that is shaped like grapes. This is usually a sign of molar pregnancy.
Who is at risk of molar pregnancy?
A molar pregnancy is more likely in women older than age 35 or younger than age 20. Previous molar pregnancy. If you’ve had one molar pregnancy, you’re more likely to have another. A repeat molar pregnancy happens, on average, in 1 out of every 100 women.
Can you detect a molar pregnancy at 5 weeks?
There are often no symptoms of a molar pregnancy. It may only be diagnosed during a routine ultrasound scan at 8-14 weeks or during tests are done after a miscarriage.
How high are hCG levels in a molar pregnancy?
The measurement of high hCG levels in excess of 100,000 mIU/mL suggests the diagnosis of a complete molar pregnancy, particularly when associated with vaginal bleeding, uterine enlargement and abnormal ultrasound findings.
Can you see a molar pregnancy on an ultrasound?
A molar pregnancy can usually be diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound, which can show the presence of cysts in the uterus. A complete mole pregnancy may be easier to detect by ultrasound than a partial mole pregnancy. A woman will also be given a blood test to measure her levels of hCG.
How serious is a molar pregnancy?
Most women who have a molar pregnancy can go on to have a healthy pregnancy later. The risk of having another molar pregnancy is only about 1 to 2 in 100 women (1 to 2 percent). If not treated, a molar pregnancy can be dangerous to the woman. It sometimes can cause a rare form of cancer.
Are molar pregnancies painful?
Pelvic pain and pressure.
Tissues in a molar pregnancy grow faster than they should, especially in the second trimester. Your stomach may look too large for that early stage in pregnancy. The fast growth can also cause pressure and pain.
What happens if a molar pregnancy is not treated?
If a molar pregnancy is not treated or does not miscarry completely it can progress and cause a range of serious conditions (known as gestational trophoblastic neoplasia), including: persistent GTD – persistent growth of the abnormal placental tissue. invasive mole – the tumour spreads into the wall of the uterus.
How do you terminate a molar pregnancy?
To treat a molar pregnancy, your doctor will remove the molar tissue from your uterus with a procedure called dilation and curettage ( D&C ). A D&C is usually done as an outpatient procedure in a hospital.
Can you pass a molar pregnancy naturally?
Most molar pregnancies spontaneously end on their own. In these cases, grape-like cysts pass out of the uterus and through the vagina naturally. Some women require treatment to remove molar pregnancies.
How do you know if you have a blighted ovum or molar pregnancy?
Blighted ovum and partial molar pregnancy can look similar on an ultrasound. However, a partial mole usually shows the remains of embryonic tissue, which never appears in a blighted ovum.