What characteristic are you most likely to notice in a child with hydrocephalus?

When hydrocephalus occurs over time, children may have headaches, developmental delays and problems with vision. Babies with hydrocephalus who still have an open soft spot may develop an enlarged head.

What are the key signs of hydrocephalus in a child?

Physical signs and symptoms

  • Headache.
  • Blurred or double vision.
  • Eyes fixed downward (sunsetting of eyes)
  • Abnormal enlargement of a toddler’s head.
  • Sleepiness or lethargy.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Unstable balance.
  • Poor coordination.


Which clinical manifestation is seen in the child with hydrocephalus?

severe headaches, often with nausea and vomiting. blurred or double vision. problems with balance. trouble looking up when the head is facing forward.

What is the symptoms of hydrocephalus?


  • Unusually large head size.
  • Rapidly increasing head circumference.
  • Bulging and tense fontanelle or soft spot.
  • Prominent scalp veins.
  • Downward deviation of eyes or sunset sign.
  • Vomiting.
  • Sleepiness.
  • Irritability.

What does a baby with hydrocephalus look like?

The most common sign of hydrocephalus in an infant is typically a large head or firm, bulging fontanelles. Signs or symptoms of hydrocephalus in infancy may include: Bulging fontanelles (soft spots between the bones) A large head circumference or a rapid increase in head growth.

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How is hydrocephalus treated in children?

The most common hydrocephalus treatment is a shunt, a small piece of silicone tubing placed surgically inside the body to bypass a blockage or otherwise create a better flow of cerebrospinal fluid. The shunt allows for fluid to flow through it in one direction.

Is hydrocephalus a disability?

Patients with progressive hydrocephalus can become physically and mentally disabled and may not be able to perform even sedentary work. Treatment of hydrocephalus depends on the type of hydrocephalus, the age of the patient, and many other factors, and the results of treatment are variable.

What is the life expectancy of a child with hydrocephalus?

What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

Can a woman with hydrocephalus have a baby?

Women successfully treated for hydrocephalus and reproductive aged women with a shunt are becoming pregnant. In the literature, there have been still published various complications during pregnancy and delivery. Some studies pointed to a high incidence of complications for some pregnant patients with VP.

Can fluid on the brain go away by itself?

Hydrocephalus is a condition of the brain where there is a pressure-induced deterioration of brain functions. It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment. Hydrocephalus is due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain.

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At what age is hydrocephalus diagnosed?

Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older. It affects adult males and females, as well as people of different races, about equally. Experts believe that normal-pressure hydrocephalus accounts for five to six percent of all dementia cases.

How long can a person with hydrocephalus live?

The mortality rate for hydrocephalus and associated therapy ranges from 0 to 3%. This rate is highly dependent on the duration of follow-up care. The shunt event-free survival is approximately 70% at 12 months and is nearly half that at 10 years, post-operatively.

What are the common causes of hydrocephalus?

Possible causes of acquired hydrocephalus include:

  • bleeding inside the brain – for example, if blood leaks over the surface of the brain (subarachnoid haemorrhage)
  • blood clots in the brain (venous thrombosis)
  • meningitis – an infection of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
  • brain tumours.
  • head injury.

What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?

The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.

How do you treat a baby with hydrocephalus?

7 Tips for Caring for a Child with Hydrocephalus

  1. Build a Support Network. …
  2. Learn How to Monitor a Shunt. …
  3. Do Not Let Them Play with Magnets. …
  4. Pay Close Attention to Their Development. …
  5. Be Aware That They May Need Special Education. …
  6. Recognize Emergencies. …
  7. Teach Your Child About Hydrocephalus.
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Can kids recover from hydrocephalus?

Most children who have hydrocephalus make a successful recovery after surgery and go on to lead healthy lives. Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk.

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