The vast majority of newborns enter the world healthy. But sometimes, infants develop conditions that require medical tests and treatment. Newborns are particularly susceptible to certain diseases, much more so than older children and adults.
How does a newborn get a bacterial infection?
Causes of infection
A mother’s birth canal contains bacteria, especially if they have an active infection. During childbirth, the baby can swallow or breathe in the fluid in the birth canal, and bacteria or viruses can get into their lungs and blood.
What are the most common neonatal infections?
The microorganisms most commonly associated with early-onset infection include the following :
- Group B Streptococcus (GBS)
- Escherichia coli.
- Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus.
- Haemophilus influenzae.
- Listeria monocytogenes.
How common are neonatal infections?
Infections can be fatal and contribute to long-term morbidity and disability among the infants who survive into childhood. Neonatal sepsis effects 128 cases per 1000 live births. Meningitis can occur in the septic infant. Expectant mothers with HSV have a 75% chance of at least one flare-up during their pregnancy.
What is the most common cause of life threatening infections in newborns?
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a bacteria that causes illness in newborn babies, pregnant women, the elderly, and adults with chronic illnesses such as cancer and diabetes. GBS is the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborns.
Why was my baby born with an infection?
Many infections that affect newborns are transmitted from mother to infant, either during pregnancy or delivery. Because the baby is born with them, they’re known as congenital infections. They are most often caused by viruses and parasites.
What kind of infection could a newborn have?
Fever in young infants may be caused by bacterial infections. These include blood infections (bacteremia), urinary tract infections, and brain or spinal fluid infections (bacterial meningitis). Determining whether an infant has a bacterial infection currently involves sizable costs and risks.
What are the common problems in newborns?
Common Newborn Problems
- Diaper Rash. Diaper rash can be caused by leaving a wet or dirty diaper on too long. …
- Jaundice. All babies are born with temporarily immature liver function, a situation that corrects itself in about a week. …
- Spitting. …
- This can be helped in a few ways: …
- Hiccups. …
- Crying. …
- Gas Pains. …
What is the most common cause of neonatal death?
Preterm birth, intrapartum-related complications (birth asphyxia or lack of breathing at birth), infections and birth defects cause most neonatal deaths in 2017. From the end of the neonatal period and through the first 5 years of life, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhoea, birth defects and malaria.
What are the signs of sepsis in a newborn?
Be Alert to the Signs & Symptoms of Sepsis:
- Fever or low temperature (newborns and infants may have low temperature)
- Fast heart rate.
- Fast breathing.
- Feeling cold/cold hands and feet.
- Clammy and pale skin.
- Confusion, dizziness or disorientation.
- Shortness of breath.
- Extreme pain or discomfort.
How can I prevent my newborn from getting infected?
How to prevent infection in your baby
- Wash your hands with soap and water after changing nappies, preparing food or going to the toilet. …
- Ask visitors to wash their hands when they enter your home.
- Try to restrict the number of other people who hold your baby in the early months, as far as possible.
How can a baby be born with sepsis?
Newborn sepsis is most often caused by bacteria. But other germs can also cause it. A baby may become infected before birth if your amniotic fluid is infected. During delivery, the newborn may be exposed to an infection in the birth canal.
What are the complication of neonatal sepsis?
Sepsis can cause the following complications, health conditions, and disabilities, among others (1, 2): Septic shock (dangerously low blood pressure) Neonatal seizures. Apnea/bradycardia. Respiratory distress (which may be difficult to distinguish from respiratory distress syndrome)
Can I pass BV to my baby?
Having BV during pregnancy can increase your baby’s risk for premature birth and low birthweight. BV can increase your risk for pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause problems if you’re trying to get pregnant. BV isn’t a sexually transmitted infection, but it is common in sexually active women.
What diseases can be passed from mother to baby?
Some STIs, such as syphilis, cross the placenta and infect the baby in the womb. Other STIs, like gonorrhea, chlamydia, hepatitis B, and genital herpes, can pass from the mother to the baby as the baby passes through the birth canal.
What infections can harm unborn baby?
Infections in pregnancy that may affect your baby
- Chickenpox in pregnancy. …
- CMV in pregnancy. …
- Group B streptococcus in pregnancy. …
- Infections transmitted by animals. …
- Hepatitis B. …
- Herpes in pregnancy. …
- HIV in pregnancy. …
- Slapped cheek syndrome in pregnancy.