Hydrocephalus is a condition resulting from an overabundance of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. It is one of the most common childhood brain disorders; 1 in every 500 babies in the United States is born with hydrocephalus, and each year another 6,000 children develop it before they turn 2 years old.
How common is hydrocephalus in babies?
Hydrocephalus occurs in approximately one out of 500 births. The following are the primary reasons why hydrocephalus occurs: Blockage of the CSF flow inside of the head.
How many babies are diagnosed with hydrocephalus?
It requires treatment to prevent serious complications. Hydrocephalus mainly occurs in children and adults over 60, but younger adults can get it too. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) estimates that 1 to 2 of every 1,000 babies are born with hydrocephalus.
How long do babies born with hydrocephalus live?
What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.
How many children are born with the common birth defect hydrocephalus in the US?
Congenital (inborn) hydrocephalus occurs in one or two of every 1,000 babies born in the U.S.
What does a baby with hydrocephalus look like?
The most common sign of hydrocephalus in an infant is typically a large head or firm, bulging fontanelles. Signs or symptoms of hydrocephalus in infancy may include: Bulging fontanelles (soft spots between the bones) A large head circumference or a rapid increase in head growth.
What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?
The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.
Can a baby with hydrocephalus walk?
Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.
Can someone with hydrocephalus have a baby?
Women successfully treated for hydrocephalus and reproductive aged women with a shunt are becoming pregnant. In the literature, there have been still published various complications during pregnancy and delivery. Some studies pointed to a high incidence of complications for some pregnant patients with VP.
Is hydrocephalus a disability?
Shunts may drain too little CSF, in which case the symptoms of hydrocephalus get worse. A diagnosis of hydrocephalus is not enough to “automatically” qualify for Long-Term Disability (LTD) benefits under either the Social Security Disability (SSDI) program or under an employer-provided group disability plan (ERISA).
What happens if a baby is born with fluid in the brain?
Hydrocephalus, or “water on the brain,” is a condition associated with a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in or around the brain. If left untreated, this can lead to brain tissue stretching, significantly affecting your child’s growth and development.
Does hydrocephalus go away?
Hydrocephalus is a condition of the brain where there is a pressure-induced deterioration of brain functions. It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment. Hydrocephalus is due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain.
What is the survival rate of hydrocephalus?
Survival in untreated hydrocephalus is poor. Approximately, 50% of the affected patients die before three years of age and approximately 80% die before reaching adulthood. Treatment markedly improves the outcome for hydrocephalus not associated with tumors, with 89% and 95% survival in two case studies.
Is hydrocephalus a lifelong condition?
Some of these effects may be physical but some conditions can also have an impact on how the brain works. They too can change the way a person thinks and acts (behaves) even when hydrocephalus does not occur. Hydrocephalus is however an ongoing, lifelong condition.
What is the main cause of hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is caused by an imbalance between how much cerebrospinal fluid is produced and how much is absorbed into the bloodstream. Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by tissues lining the ventricles of the brain. It flows through the ventricles by way of interconnecting channels.