What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.
What is the survival rate of hydrocephalus?
Survival in untreated hydrocephalus is poor. Approximately, 50% of the affected patients die before three years of age and approximately 80% die before reaching adulthood. Treatment markedly improves the outcome for hydrocephalus not associated with tumors, with 89% and 95% survival in two case studies.
Can a person with hydrocephalus live a normal life?
Hydrocephalus is a chronic condition. It can be controlled, but usually not cured. With appropriate early treatment, however, many people with hydrocephalus lead normal lives with few limitations. Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older.
Can a child outgrow hydrocephalus?
Though the majority of these babies will eventually need the traditional shunt when they grow older, many will never need another intervention. “Now,” Ahn says, “we can treat these babies so that they can outgrow their hydrocephalus and never need a shunt at all, which is a tremendous victory.”
Is hydrocephalus a terminal illness?
If left untreated, hydrocephalus can be fatal. Early diagnosis and successful treatment improve the chance for a good recovery. With the benefits of surgery, rehabilitative therapies, and educational interventions, many people with hydrocephalus live relatively normal lives.
Does hydrocephalus ever go away?
Hydrocephalus is a condition of the brain where there is a pressure-induced deterioration of brain functions. It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment.
Is hydrocephalus a disability?
Shunts may drain too little CSF, in which case the symptoms of hydrocephalus get worse. A diagnosis of hydrocephalus is not enough to “automatically” qualify for Long-Term Disability (LTD) benefits under either the Social Security Disability (SSDI) program or under an employer-provided group disability plan (ERISA).
What is the main cause of hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is caused by an imbalance between how much cerebrospinal fluid is produced and how much is absorbed into the bloodstream. Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by tissues lining the ventricles of the brain. It flows through the ventricles by way of interconnecting channels.
Does hydrocephalus cause brain damage?
Hydrocephalus is a build-up of fluid in the brain. The excess fluid puts pressure on the brain, which can damage it. If left untreated, hydrocephalus can be fatal.
How long is hospital stay for shunt surgery?
About the Shunt Operation
The actual surgical procedure to implant a shunt typically requires about an hour in the operating room. Afterward, you will be carefully observed for 24 hours. Your stay in the hospital will generally be for two to four days total.
Does hydrocephalus affect speech?
A shunt can be placed to redirect the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. How Does Hydrocephalus Affect Communication? Can cause delays in physical and cognitive development if untreated and can lead to death. Expressive language (spoken) is stronger than receptive language (understanding spoken language).
Can hydrocephalus be hereditary?
Hydrocephalus can be inherited genetically, may be associated with developmental disorders, like spina bifida or encephalocele, or occur as a result of brain tumors, head injuries, hemorrhage or diseases such as meningitis.
Is hydrocephalus a birth defect?
Overview. Congenital hydrocephalus is caused by a brain malformation or birth defect that causes excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to accumulate in brain cavities, called subarachnoid space.
What does a baby with hydrocephalus look like?
The most common sign of hydrocephalus in an infant is typically a large head or firm, bulging fontanelles. Signs or symptoms of hydrocephalus in infancy may include: Bulging fontanelles (soft spots between the bones) A large head circumference or a rapid increase in head growth.
Does hydrocephalus hurt?
However, as the condition progresses, headaches may become continuous. Other symptoms of acquired hydrocephalus include: neck pain. feeling sick.