Lay the person down and elevate the legs and feet slightly, unless you think this may cause pain or further injury. Keep the person still and don’t move him or her unless necessary. Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of life, such as not breathing, coughing or moving.
How could a child end up in shock?
The most common cause of shock in children is sepsis, followed by hypovolemic shock, distributive shock and, finally, cardiogenic shock.
What are signs of shock in children?
Lethargy, weakness, a sense of malaise, decreased urine output, fussiness, and poor feeding are all nonspecific symptoms that may accompany shock.
What is the best treatment for shock?
To treat shock: Keep the victim lying on his or her back. In some cases, shock victims improve by raising their feet 8–10 inches. If the victim is having trouble breathing, raise the victim’s head and shoulders about 10 inches rather than raising the feet.
What are the two main causes of shock in children?
Of pediatric patients who present to the emergency department in shock, sepsis is the leading cause (57%), followed by hypovolemic shock (24%), distributive shock (14%), and cardiogenic shock (5%).
What are signs of shock?
Symptoms of shock
- Pale, cold, clammy skin.
- Shallow, rapid breathing.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Heartbeat irregularities or palpitations.
- Thirst or a dry mouth.
- Low urine output or dark urine.
What is the most common cause of shock?
Shock is a critical condition brought on by the sudden drop in blood flow through the body. Shock may result from trauma, heatstroke, blood loss, an allergic reaction, severe infection, poisoning, severe burns or other causes. When a person is in shock, his or her organs aren’t getting enough blood or oxygen.
What are the signs of hypovolemic shock in children?
- cold or clammy skin.
- pale skin.
- rapid, shallow breathing.
- rapid heart rate.
- little or no urine output.
- weak pulse.
What are the symptoms of neurogenic shock?
One of the main symptoms of neurogenic shock is low blood pressure from irregular blood circulation.
Neurogenic shock symptoms
- blank stares.
- increased sweating.
- pale skin.
What are the signs and symptoms of distributive shock?
Distributive shock is difficult to recognize because the signs and symptoms vary greatly depending on the etiology. Common symptoms include tachypnea, tachycardia, low to normal blood pressure, decreased urine output, and decreased level of consciousness.
What are the 3 stages of shock?
The three phases of shock: Irreversible, compensated, and decompsated shock
- Restlessness, agitation and anxiety – the earliest signs of hypoxia.
- Pallor and clammy skin – this occurs because of microcirculation.
- Nausea and vomiting – decrease in blood flow to the GI system.
- Delayed capillary refill.
Should you give water to a person in shock?
Do not give the person anything to drink, however. Someone in shock may vomit anything taken orally, which could result in choking. If the person does need fluid, medical workers can attach an intravenous line.
How long does it take to recover from shock?
Most of the time, shock won’t go away on its own, so it will linger until you receive medical help. If you don’t urgently seek medical attention, you may end up hospitalized for weeks. Sadly, some people die from multiple organ failure. Continue reading to learn about the five major types of physical shock below.
Why is shock unusual in pediatric patients?
Children can maintain their blood pressure until they lose a significant amount of blood. When compensatory mechanisms are overwhelmed by large losses, however, the heart rate increases and blood pressure begins to drop, quickly leading to decompensated shock.
What causes neurogenic shock?
The cause of neurogenic shock is usually a spinal cord injury. When the nerves in the spinal cord are damaged, they stop sending messages to the nerves that control other functions in the body. If nerve signals to the muscles in the blood vessels are shut down, the vessels stop working properly.
What is early or compensated shock?
Compensated shock occurs early while the body is still able to compensate for a shortfall in one or more of the three areas of perfusion (HR, SV, and/or PVR). The signs and symptoms of this stage of shock include tachycardia and tachypnea, as well as cool pale, and diaphoretic skin.