Children with Down syndrome (DS) present with delays in motor development. The reduced size of the cerebrum, brain maturation disorders, and pathophysiological processes lead to motor development delay.
How Can Down syndrome affect a child’s development?
Down syndrome is a genetic condition that happens when a child is born with an extra chromosome. The extra chromosome affects the way the child’s brain and body develop, leading to developmental delays, intellectual disability and an increased risk for certain medical issues.
Do Down syndrome babies develop slower?
Children with Down syndrome usually learn and progress more slowly than most other children. However, not all areas of development are equally affected.
Do babies with Down syndrome hit milestones?
Many babies and young children with Down syndrome are late to reach the early motor milestones such as grasping, rolling, sitting, standing and walking. There is wide variability in progress, with some reaching these milestones as early as typically developing infants and some being particularly slow in achieving them.
What problems do Down syndrome babies have?
Having Down syndrome also increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Other problems. Down syndrome may also be associated with other health conditions, including endocrine problems, dental problems, seizures, ear infections, and hearing and vision problems.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
Can a child have Down syndrome and look normal?
‘ Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. This extra copy changes how the baby’s body and brain develop, which can cause both mental and physical challenges for the baby. Even though people with Down syndrome might act and look similar, each person has different abilities.
At what age do babies show signs of Down syndrome?
Signs and symptoms often start around age 50. Infections. People with Down syndrome may get sick more often because they tend to have weaker immune systems.
How do Down syndrome babies behave?
Children with Down syndrome can often do most things that any young child can do. They can walk, talk, dress themselves, and be toilet trained. But they often do these things at a later age than other children. The exact ages of these development milestones is different for each child.
Do Down syndrome babies make eye contact?
In populations with developmental disorders, infants with Down’s syndrome begin making eye-contact later than normal infant, but then sustain it for longer periods of time, while infants with ASD tend to avoid eye-contact altogether.
What are the behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome?
Common learning and behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome include:
- Delays in speech and language development.
- Attention problems.
- Sleep difficulties.
- Stubbornness and tantrums.
- Delays in cognition.
- Delayed toilet training.
What are the signs of Down syndrome during pregnancy?
Signs and Symptoms of Down Syndrome
- Flat face with an upward slant to the eyes.
- Short neck.
- Abnormally shaped or small ears.
- Protruding tongue.
- Small head.
- Deep crease in the palm of the hand with relatively short fingers.
- White spots in the iris of the eye.
- Poor muscle tone, loose ligaments, excessive flexibility.
What age do Down syndrome babies smile?
Babies with Down syndrome are normally engaging and affectionate, and their first smile usually occurs only a week or two later than other children. Oftentimes, children with Down syndrome will learn social behavior from others, whether friends in real life or from characters on TV.
Do Down syndrome babies cry differently?
Just like any baby, infants who have Down syndrome will sometimes be fussy. The temperament of a baby with Down syndrome is not usually any different from the temperament of any other baby.
Can you tell if a newborn has Down syndrome?
If Down syndrome is not diagnosed during pregnancy, health care providers can usually diagnose Down syndrome based on the infant’s appearance. In such cases, the diagnosis should be confirmed using a blood test that examines the child’s chromosomes (karyotype).
Do Down syndrome babies come early?
Babies with Down syndrome are more likely to be born prematurely. Their birth weight and length may be below average. Babies with Down syndrome are also more likely to have low muscle tone leading to floppiness (hypotonia).