Small preterm infants are most likely to have infant sleep apnea. It sometimes occurs in larger preterm or full-term infants. It is less common in infants under the age of six months. During the first month after birth it occurs in 84 percent of infants who weigh less than 2.2 pounds.
How can I tell if my baby has sleep apnea?
During sleep, signs and symptoms of pediatric sleep apnea might include: Snoring. Pauses in breathing.
During the day, children with sleep apnea might:
- Perform poorly in school.
- Have difficulty paying attention.
- Have learning problems.
- Have behavioral problems.
- Have poor weight gain.
- Be hyperactive.
What should I do if my baby has sleep apnea?
Treatment might include:
- Medications. Topical nasal steroids, such as fluticasone (Dymista) and budesonide (Rhinocort, Pulmicort Flexhaler, others), might ease sleep apnea symptoms for some children with mild obstructive sleep apnea. …
- Removal of the tonsils and adenoids. …
- Positive airway pressure therapy. …
- Oral appliances.
What causes apnea in newborns?
Causes of Central apnea include central nervous system (CNS) infections (meningitis, encephalitis), head trauma (birth asphyxia or abusive trauma), toxin exposure, pertussis, infant botulism, inborn errors of metabolism (mitochondrial disease, Pompe disease, Leigh syndrome, and the mucopolysaccharidoses), metabolic …
Can babies have obstructive apnea?
Obstructive sleep apnea in infants has been associated with failure to thrive, behavioral deficits, and sudden infant death.
How common is sleep apnea in infants?
The prevalence in infants is still unknown, but between one and five percent of all children have sleep apnea. When detected early, sleep apnea can be treated to prevent other long-term complications.
What are the warning signs of sleep apnea?
But they may include:
- Loud snoring. …
- Waking up with a very sore or dry throat. …
- Dry mouth, also caused by mouth breathing.
- Occasionally waking up with a choking or gasping sensation.
- Restless sleep, repeated awakenings, or insomnia.
- Sleepiness or lack of energy during the day, even after a full night’s sleep.
How do you fix sleep apnea?
For milder cases of obstructive sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes:
- Lose weight if you’re overweight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Drink alcohol moderately, if at all, and don’t drink several hours before bedtime.
- Quit smoking.
- Use a nasal decongestant or allergy medications.
- Don’t sleep on your back.
Why would a baby stop breathing?
Once born, they need to breathe on their own. Some premature babies can’t breathe normally when first born because their brains aren’t yet programmed to sustain nonstop breathing. This is called central apnea. Premature babies can also suffer from obstructive apnea, which occurs when their small airways become blocked.
What is the best position to sleep with sleep apnea?
Side sleeping is the preferred position for helping calm your sleep apnea. Sleeping on your right side reduces snoring and encourages blood flow.
What does sleep apnea sound like in babies?
High Inspiratory Squeaks. This type of sound from your child while sleeping is indicative of an increase in respiratory effort required because the upper airway is collapsed. When you hear these sounds in combination with snoring it is cause for concern and certainly worth investigating.
Do newborns stop breathing for a few seconds?
Some babies can take a pause in their breathing for up to 10 seconds or a few seconds longer. Their next few breaths may be fast and shallow. Then they breathe steadily again. This is called periodic breathing.
Can reflux cause apnea in infants?
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and apnea are both common occurrences in premature infants but their relationship is controversial.
What age does sleep apnea occur?
Obstructive sleep apnea affects many children, and is most commonly found in children between 2 and 6 years of age, but can occur at any age.
Do kids suffer from sleep apnea?
It’s believed that 1 to 4 percent of children in the United States have sleep apnea. The age of children with this condition varies, but many of them are between 2 and 8 years old, according to the American Sleep Apnea Association. Two types of sleep apnea affect children.
Why does my baby choke on her saliva?
Choking on saliva in babies
Babies can also choke on their saliva. Speak with your child’s doctor if this happens often. Possible causes may include swollen tonsils blocking the flow of saliva or infant reflux.